By default, Mage uses sqlite to store orchestration data (trigger, pipeline run, and block run). To use a different database, you can set the MAGE_DATABASE_CONNECTION_URL environment variable.

In production, you can set the environment variable in the corresponding Terraform script.


export MAGE_DATABASE_CONNECTION_URL=postgresql+psycopg2://user:password@host:port/dbname

To use a specific schema_name in PostgreSQL:

export MAGE_DATABASE_CONNECTION_URL="postgresql+psycopg2://user:password@host:port/dbname?options=-c%20search_path%3Dschema_name"

Get credentials from AWS Secret Manager

You can also instruct Mage to fetch your Postgres DB credentials from AWS Secret Manager. You will need to set the following environment variables:

AWS_DB_SECRETS_NAMEname of secret in AWS Secret Manager
AWS_DEFAULT_REGIONAWS region the secret is stored in
AWS_ACCESS_KEY_IDAWS access key id (not needed if using IAM role to authenticate)
AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEYAWS secret access key (not needed if using IAM role to authenticate)

The expected format of the secret is JSON string with the following keys:

  • username
  • password
  • engine (must be postgres)
  • host
  • port
  • dbname


export MAGE_DATABASE_CONNECTION_URL="mssql+pyodbc://?odbc_connect=DRIVER={ODBC Driver 18 for SQL Server};SERVER=host;DATABASE=dbname;UID=user;PWD=password;ENCRYPT=yes;TrustServerCertificate=yes;"